Definitions

Simple questions, short answers taken from experts and from specialized websites. This section aims at providing some information to explain what Climate Sciences deal with and how scientists do it.
Here, Climateurope provides basic information to allow you to enter the universe of Climate Observations, Earth-System modeling, and Climate Services, by explaining how society benefits from scientific research on climate.

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CLIMATE OBSERVATIONS

What is climate? What is climate change?

What is climate? What is climate change?

Climate is the average weather in a given area over a longer period of time. A description of a climate includes information on, e.g. the average temperature ...


EARTH SYSTEM MODELING

Basic structure of an Earth System Model: blue boxes represent the processes included in a climate model; green boxes represent the additional components that may be included in an Earth System Model.

Earth System Modeling, a definition

Earth system models (ESM) seek to simulate all relevant aspects of the Earth system. They include physical, chemical and biological processes ...


CLIMATE SERVICES