This discussion paper elaborates on dilemmas that are evident at the interface between ESMs and climate services.
Earth System Models (ESM) are key ingredients of many of the climate services that are currently being developed and delivered. However, ESMs have more applications than the provision of climate services, and similarly many climate services use more sources of information than ESMs. This discussion paper elaborates on dilemmas that are evident at the interface between ESMs and climate services, in particular: (a) purposes of the models versus service development, (b) gap between the spatial and temporal scales of the models versus the scales needed in applications, and (c) Tailoring climate model results to real-world applications. A continued and broad-minded dialogue between the ESM developers and climate services providers’ communities is needed to improve both the optimal use and direction of ESM development and climate service development. We put forward considerations to improve this dialogue between the communities developing ESMs and climate services, in order to increase the mutual benefit that enhanced understanding of prospects and limitations of ESMs and climate services will bring.
Van den Hurk, B. C. Hewitt, D. Jacob, J. Bessembinder, F. Doblas-Reyes and R. Döscher, 2018: The match between climate services demands and Earth System Models supplies. Clim. Serv. 12, 59-63, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.